A Brief History of Postcards
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Photochrom Co., Ltd. Founded in Tunbridge Wells in producing greetings cards and guide books. They began publishing postcards in mainly using the.
We are welcoming visitors back to our museums. Please click here for details. Tammen Curio Company. Tammen started his curio company with business partner Charles A. Stuart in the s selling mail-order pottery, rugs, and other items. By the s, his business was selling postcards and photo prints using images from several leading photographers including William Henry Jackson. Most Tammen cards featured Colorado cities, landmarks, and various western themes.
The company used halftone printing, in which tiny dots produce an image, often with hand-illustrated embellishments accentuating more detail. Tammen died in , but the business continued printing cards into the s.
Postcards have a serious and dedicated following of collectors. Vintage postcards, in particular, offer a unique glimpse of the past. The hobby of collecting postcards is so popular that it even has its own word: deltiology , the study and collection of postcards. Postcards as we know them today took a while to develop and had several different stages.
Oct 12, – Explore Joel Campbell’s board “Arthur Livingston postcards”, followed by USA – FLORIDA The Ponce de Leon, St. Augustine, Photochrom postcard by the Dating & bio info on old Curt Teich postcards can be found here.
A irbrush – A Technique which colors have been painted using air compression. Very popular with linen postcards where all undesirable elements have been airbrushed away while enhancing the scenes colors. Albumen Print – An image printed on paper using egg albumen the white of an egg mixed along with whey derived from curdled milk. The albumen and whey is boiled, filtered, and then mixed with grains of iodide potassium. These prints usually show a brown, yellow, or purple tone.
Almost all albumen prints are done on very thin paper and then mounted to cardboard.
Determining Postcard Age
Permission of Visual Materials Curator required to view originals. Contact Special Collections for more information. The company was founded by Curt Teich, a German immigrant who came from a lineage of printers and followed his brother to Chicago in At the time Teich opened his own printing firm, competition in Chicago was strong among newspapers and magazine printers.
It is also important to keep in mind that postcard types produced in one period could also be produced in another, but were simply not produced.
This guide is meant to aid the collector in identifying and dating real photo postcards, and to act as a reminder that it is impossible to do so with great accuracy. A lthough real photo postcards were made in a variety of ways, they hold one identifiable feature in common. The tonalities of photos are completely continuous to the eye producing true greys, for they are created by the reaction of individual photosensitive molecules to light rather than the transfer of ink from a plate.
In printed images the grey areas are usually made up of black marks that are spaced to create the optical illusion of greys. Though most of us today are familiar with the concept of photo grain, this is mostly because we have experienced very large prints made from small 35mm negatives. But even here the effect is more of a softening of detail than a observable texture.
Early real photo postcards are small by their very nature and since most were contact printed, not enlarged, there is no visible texture. Collotypes, which provide the finest detail of all printing methods are sometimes confused with real photo postcards. But even collotypes will exhibit a discernible grain when magnified. And of course any image that contain a regularly patterned series of dots is not a photograph at all but a ink printed image.
Some halftone cards were printed on high gloss paper to resemble a photograph but their screen patterns will give them away if one is vigilant. Most old photo papers used silver in their emulsions. As time passes this silver tends to migrate to the surface of the print creating tell-tale metallic patches. Observing this shiny crust, no mater what the color, is a quick and sure way of telling if you are looking at a real photo.
Greetings from the Past: Identifying and dating postcards
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Postcards of Royal Tunbridge Wells published by Photochrom Co. Ltd, Tunbridge Wells Thumbnail, Number, Title, Series, Date*. Tunbridge Wells: The.
People often find themselves in possession of an old postcard and want to know how old it is. If the postcard is used, the most obvious solution is to check the date on the postmark. However, there are many vintage postcards out there that were never mailed, so here are some clues to determining the age of your post card. These are general guidelines. There are exceptions to most of these rules, but these guidelines will give you a general idea of how old your postcard is.
The first commercial postcards produced in this country were sold at the Columbian Exposition in Chicago Illinois in These were the first privately printed souvenir postcards.
Deltiology, numismatics and philately are reportedly the three most popular interests in the field of collecting yawning yet? In just the first line of this article, I have managed to make it sound confusing, pretentious, and even strange. More precisely numismatics encompasses the collecting of coins, paper money, and medals. This article, however, will categorize landmarks or eras in American postcard production. Plus it will provide useful methods for identifying and assigning a date of manufacture.
This is a staggering statistic when you consider that the population of the United States during the same year was less than
Although the world’s first picture post cards date from the s to the are not real photos but rather, lithographed cards done by a photochrome process.
Also, holiday greeting postcards and other subjects. Copyright: Physical rights are retained by the Earl K. Long Library, University of New Orleans. Government-issued postcards first appeared in Austria in as an economical means of transmitting a message. They swiftly spread throughout Europe and were adopted in the United States in Meanwhile, pictorial postcards were introduced in France in As of July 1, , the Private Mailing Card Act eliminated this inequity, and privately published postcards appeared in increasing number.
Charles Goldsmith, a Chicago entrepreneur, obtained from the U. Post Office a license to print souvenir views of the fair on government-issued postals. When test sales of four cards met with success, Goldsmith issued sets of ten illustrations packaged in a wrapper. New regulations issued in permitted publishers to divide the reverse of the card to accommodate both message and address in a format which remains in use today.
David Williams postcard collection
Publisher’s numbering scheme Other clues. Pioneer Era Although the world’s first picture postcards date from the s to the mids, most of the earliest American picture postcards extant today are those that were sold at the World Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois, starting on May 1, These were illustrations on government-printed postal cards and on privately printed souvenir cards.
The government postal cards included a printed 1-cent stamp; the privately printed souvenir cards required a 2-cent adhesive postage stamp to be attached. Messages were not permitted on the address side of the cards; after attempting various forms of explaining that regulation, the U. The required postage was a 1-cent adhesive stamp.
Carbofoto Series – The Photochrom Co Ltd, London & Tunbridge Wells Rambler Series – Wrench Postcards Ltd, London (s) (view).
I was attending the Harrison County Historical Society Christmas Party last weekend and some friends and I were trying to identify a postcard that was labeled as Main Street, Clarksburg. It was unrecognizable as Main Street as we knew it, so we started talking about the clues that the postcard presented us about the time period it was created so we could use Clarksburg City Directories to find the location of the home in the photo.
This is the postcard that spawned this blog post. As I looked for information that could help date the card, I found that much can be learned about the content of postcards from the history of their production. There are several distinct styles of postcards that can be categorized by era. In legislation passed allowing cards that weighed one ounce or less to be sent through the mail. That year John P.
Curt Teich Postcards
A vast number of businesses and photographers produced their own postcards over the years and to simplify things I have only included the major players below. The list is a work in progress. Left to right: Donegal card posted
Identical picture (sheep in same position) issued by Picture Postcards Co Ltd circa Photochrom was a large company in England from and produced a large number of view cards. Picture Poctcard Co. Timeline. date, source, data.
Postcard Publishers. More information can be found at Wikipedia. The first Boots shop was opened in Nottingham by herbalist John Boot in By they began expanding the range of products beyond drugs and in started selling postcards. No other information available. Constance Ltd. The company closed in the s. Davidson Bros. They also published reproduction artworks, greetings cards and comics.
Dennis was founded in Scarborough in Dainty monotone images were often enhanced with a blue sky, paintings and colour images were also produced under this series. The company closed in No other information.
See how Washington, DC and Smithsonian visitors have shared their trips with others by taking a historic look at the Smithsonian through the picture postcard. Postcards, as we are familiar with them today, have taken a considerable amount of time to develop. First restricted by size, color, and other regulations, postcard production blossomed in the late s and early s. Postcards were popular because they were a quick and easy way for individuals to communicate with each other.
and it is possible to date the printing of cards roughly by the was the Photochrom Co. of Tunbridge Wells, dating postcards, and the stamps used can provide.
The Detroit Publishing Company was one of the major image publishers in the world for nearly 30 years from to The company produced prints of landscapes and city scenes across the United States and around the world. The collection consists of photographic prints, postcards, and color prints with subjects dating from the s through the s. The Detroit Publishing Co. Started in in Detroit, Michigan, it was known until by its two subsidiary operations, the Photochrom Co.
A timely joining of entrepreneurial energies helped assure the early success of the company. William A. Livingstone an engineer and son of wealthy Detroit shipping magnate, newspaper publisher, and financier, William Livingstone, Jr. Husher, to form the company. Husher and Livingstone obtained from the Photoglob Company of Zurich, Switzerland, the North American rights to an astounding new photolithographic process called Photochrom, to produce, in quantity, color prints that retained their photographic verisimilitude while capturing the vibrant colors of the popular chromolithographs of the late nineteenth century.
Husher even persuaded an expert in the process, Albert V. Schuler, and a small crew of draftsmen from Switzerland to work for the new company.